Science is the observational, experimental, and theoretical investigation of nature, including matter and energy (physics), life (biology), mind (psychology) and disease (medicine).
Philosophy is the reflective discussion of fundamental questions about the nature of reality (metaphysics), knowledge (epistemology) and values (ethics).
What is the relation between science and philosophy?
A priori speculation: Platonism, phenomenology
Analysis: logical or linguistic examination
Naturalism: reflection on central aspects of reality, knowledge, and values, in partnership with science.
Philosophy of science is the investigation of important epistemological, metaphysical, and ethical issues that arise in the practice and development of science.
Logical: deductive logic, set theory, probability theory.
Historical: draw lessons from important cases in the history of science.
Cognitive: apply psychological theories to understand the structure and growth of scientific knowledge.
Computational: develop computer models of scientific thinking.
Social: examine the social context of science.
Feminist: consider the impact of gender on science.
Some of these approaches are complementary: my own work is cognitive/computational/historical/social, and also logical in the sense that I am concerned with how science should be done as well as how it is done.
The Science Lab
Tim van Gelder on what philosophy is good for
Life, Mind, and Disease
Computational Epistemology Laboratory.
This page updated Sept. 13, 2004