1. How have emotions spurred philosophical reflections? E.g. wonder, perplexity, passion, anger, fear, despair, guilt.
2. How do emotions initiate various kinds of inference, e.g. abductive (causal) inference initiated by surprise?
Moral rules, e.g. 10 commandments.
Prudential rules, e.g. look before you leap.
Santayana: Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.
Truman: If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen.
Rules of inference, e.g. modus ponens, inference to the best explanation.
Osler's law: The greater the ignorance, the greater the dogmatism.
Sagan's standard: Extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof.
1. Following a rule cannot make an action rational, because the action is only rational if it is the best choice overall, independent of rules.
2. Compatibilist: rules can be useful in picking the best choice overall.
3. Revisionist: justify rules, then use these to justify actions.
Another possibility: case-based (analogical) reasoning without rules.
What to do when rules conflict?
Computational Epistemology Laboratory.
This page updated Oct. 24, 2005.